PUBLIC HEALTH RECOMMENDATIONS AS OF MARCH 6

1)      Vulnerable Populations: Limit Outings

    • Vulnerable populations include people who are:
      • 60 years old and older.
      • People with certain health conditions such as heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, kidney disease and weakened immune systems.
    • For vulnerable populations, don’t go to gatherings (of about 50 people or more) unless it is essential. If you can telecommute, you should. Avoid people who are sick.
       

2)      Workplace and Businesses: Minimize Exposure

    • Suspend nonessential employee travel.
    • Minimize the number of employees working within arm’s length of one another, including minimizing or canceling large in-person meetings and conferences.
    • Urge employees to stay home when they are sick and maximize flexibility in sick leave benefits.
    • Do not require a doctor’s note for employees who are sick.
    • Consider use of telecommuting options.
    • Some people need to be at work to provide essential services of great benefit to the community. They can take steps in their workplace to minimize risk.
       

3)      Large Gatherings: Cancel Non-essential Events

    • Recommend cancelling or postponing large gatherings, such as concerts, sporting events, conventions or large community events.
    • Do not attend any events or gatherings if sick.
    • For events that aren’t cancelled, we recommend:
      • Having hand washing capabilities, hand sanitizers and tissues available.
      • Frequently cleaning high touch surface areas like counter tops and hand rails.
      • Finding ways to create physical space to minimize close contact as much as possible.
         

4)      Schools: Safety First

    • If there is a confirmed case of COVID-19 at a school, DPH will work with the school and the district to determine the best measures including potential school closure.
    • Do not go to school if sick.
    • If you have a child with chronic health conditions, consult your doctor about school attendance.
    • Equip all schools and classrooms with hand sanitizers and tissues.
    • Recommend rescheduling or cancelling medium to large events that are not essential.
    • Explore remote teaching and online options to continue learning.
    • Schools should develop a plan for citywide school closures, and families should prepare for potential closures.
       

5)      Transit: Cleaning and Protection

    • Increase cleaning of vehicles and high touch surface areas.
    • Provide hand washing/hand sanitizers and tissues in stations and on vehicles.
       

6)      Health Care Settings: Avoid as possible, protect the vulnerable

    • Long term care facilities must have a COVID-19 plan in accordance with DPH guidelines.
    • Long term care facilities must screen all staff and visitors for illness and turn away those with symptoms.
    • The general public should avoid going to medical settings such as hospitals, nursing homes and long-term care facilities, even if you are not ill.
    • If you are ill, call your health care provider ahead of time, and you may be able to be served by phone.
    • Do not visit emergency rooms unless it is essential.
       

7)      Everyone: Do your part

The best way for all San Franciscans to reduce their risk of getting sick, as with seasonal colds or the flu, still applies to prevent COVID-19:

    • Wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
    • Cover your cough or sneeze.
    • Stay home if you are sick.
    • Avoid touching your face.
    • Try alternatives to shaking hands, like an elbow bump or wave.
    • If you have recently returned from a country, state or region with ongoing COVID-19 infections, monitor your health and follow the instructions of public health officials.
    • There is no recommendation to wear masks at this time to prevent yourself from getting sick.

You can also prepare for the possible disruption caused by an outbreak.
Preparedness actions include:

    • Prepare to work from home if that is possible for your job, and your employer.
    • Make sure you have a supply of all essential medications for your family.
    • Prepare a child care plan if you or a care giver are sick.
    • Make arrangements about how your family will manage a school closure.
    • Plan for how you can care for a sick family member without getting sick yourself.
    • Take care of each other and check in by phone with friends, family and neighbors that are vulnerable to serious illness or death if they get COVID-19.
    • Keep common spaces clean to help maintain a healthy environment for you and others. Frequently touched surfaces should be cleaned regularly with disinfecting sprays, wipes or common household cleaning products.

公共衛生建議(2020年3月6日)

1)      易感染社區應減少外出

    • 易感染人羣包括:
      • 60歲或以上人士
      • 健康狀況不好的人士,包括有心臟病、肺病、糖尿病、腎病以及免疫系統疾病的人
    • 如非必要,易感染人羣不要去聚會(50人以上)。如果可以留在家中上班,避免接觸生病的人。
       

2)      辦公室及商業機構

    • 暫停不必要的商務公幹
    • 儘可能減少近距離工作,員工間的應至少保持一隻手臂的距離,包括減少或取消面對面的會議
    • 讓生病的員工在家休息並且靈活使用病假福利
    • 當員工生病時,免卻醫生證明
    • 考慮遠程(或留在家中)辦公
    • 有些員工不能遠程辦公,因爲他們需要繼續爲社區提供服務。他們可採取措施減少風險。
       

3)      大規模聚會:取消不重要的活動

    • 建議不要出席或取消或推遲大型聚會,如音樂會、體育活動、集會或其他擁擠的社區活動
    • 如果生病就不要參加
    • 對於沒有被取消的活動,我們建議
      • 配備洗手設施,消毒劑和紙巾
      • 經常清理常接觸的物體表面
      • 儘可能的提供人與人之間空間避免近距離的接觸
         

4)      學校:安全第一

    • 如果學校發現了一宗確診病例,公共衛生部會與學校和所在地區合作確認最好的應對辦法,包括關閉學校
    • 如果生病就不要上學
    • 如果你孩子有患有慢性疾病,諮詢你的醫生是否可以上學
    • 每個學校和教室都應配備消毒液和紙巾
    • 建議延期或取消不重要的大型活動
    • 計劃是否可以通過互聯網教學
    • 學校應爲全市範圍內的學校關閉做準備,家庭應該準備學校可能關閉
       

5)      交通:清潔和保護

    • 增加對車輛及經常接觸的表面的進行清潔
    • 在車或車站中提供洗手消毒的設備及紙巾
       

6)      醫療環境:儘量避免,保護易感染人羣

    • 長期的護理機構必須要有符合公共衛生部建議的新冠狀病毒應對計劃
    • 長期的護理機構必須檢查每個員工和訪客的健康並且拒絕有症狀人士進入
    • 普通人如果沒病應該儘量避免去醫療機構,比如醫院,療養院,長期護理機構
    • 如果你生病了,先給醫生打電話,你有可能通過電話得到服務
    • 如非必要,不要去急症室
       

7)      所有人:做好自己
對於三藩市市民來說,最好的防護新型冠狀病毒的方法與防護流行性感冒的方法一樣:

    • 用肥皂和水洗手20秒以上
    • 打噴嚏或咳嗽時掩蓋口鼻
    • 如果生病就在家休息
    • 不要接觸你的臉
    • 用另一種打招呼的方式替代握手,比如肘擊或揮手
    • 接種流感疫苗以防類似於新型冠狀病毒的症狀
    • 如果你最近去過病毒流行的國家或地區,注意你的健康並遵循公共衛生官員的指示。
    • 現時并不建議佩戴口罩作防止病毒傳染用途

你還可以通過以下方式做好準備:

    • 如果可能的話,準備在家工作
    • 確保你的家庭有需要的關鍵藥物
    • 做好後備計劃以防孩子的看護人生病
    • 計劃如何應對學校關閉的情況
    • 計劃如何在保護自己的同時照看家裏的病人
    • 通過打電話關照那些易感染病毒的朋友、家人和鄰居
    • 保持公共空間清潔。爲自己和他人創造一個健康的環境。用噴霧劑、擦紙以及其他的清潔產品經常清潔常接觸物體的表面